In a medium sauce pan add water, elderberries, cinnamon, cloves, and ginger and stir to combine.
Bring mixture to a boil then cover an reduce heat. Simmer for 45 minutes to an hour until the liquid has reduced by almost half.
Remove from heat and let cool to a temperature that is cool enough to be handled.
Using a spoon or flat utensil, mash the berries.
Pour through a strainer into a glass bowl and discard the elderberries.
Allow liquid to cool to lukewarm then add the honey/maple syrup/molasses, whichever you used, and stir.
Transfer syrup to glass mason jar or 16 oz. glass container of some kind.